Wheat production and export on a global scale

The world’s largest wheat producers are the USA, India, China and Russia. Depending on the region, wheat is used as animal feed or as a staple food, with animal feed predominating. Wheat accounts for approximately 24% of global grain production and covers 20% of the world’s calorie needs.[1] Overall, more wheat is produced than is consumed. However, the regional differences in production volumes are very large. While the EU exports the most wheat, Russia exports the second largest amount of wheat.[3] It was 31 million tons in 2019.[4] Russia, as the second largest wheat exporter, is followed in descending order by Ukraine, Canada, the USA, Australia and Turkey.[5] Global geographical disparities are the reason for this worldwide distribution of wheat production. The world’s most productive landscapes can be found in the black soils of Ukraine, in loess in Germany and in the steppes of the USA. Almost half of the world’s stockpiles of wheat belong to the People’s Republic of China.[6]

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